Temple had many nicknames. In its earlier days, one was Tanglefoot, for both its mud and its reputation as a wild frontier town. Officially founded as a railroad town in 1881, it was named after Bernard Temple, a Santa Fe Railroad Civil Engineer.
The onset of World War II was the impetus for much growth in Central Texas and in Temple. In 1941, Camp Hood was established as a military training facility and in 1942, construction began on McCloskey General Hospital, a 2500-bed medical facility to care for and rehabilitate the wounded soldiers and amputees. During World War II, a prisoner of war camp was situated just west of the hospital, where Temple College is now located.
The primary economic drivers are the extensive medical community (mostly due to Scott & White Memorial Hospital and The Olin E. Teague Veterans Center) making it one of the leading medical centers in the Southwest.
Some notable people from Temple include Sammy Baugh, Mean Joe Green and Rip Torn.
Located between Austin and Waco with Ft. Hood nearby, today Temple continues to thrive and has become a strong community based on manufacturing, medical care, agriculture, and rail transportation.
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